Architecture doesn't exist in a vacuum and neither do we. Those who work in design and construction understand that their craft does much more than just create spaces. It can inspire awe, evoke memories and emotions, and even change lives. But how does architecture influence emotions? In this article, I will explore the various ways that design influences our mood and behavior.
Human behavioral patterns and moods based on context
There are so many ways of resolving any given design problem. So many facets to look at in order to achieve what it is you want to achieve. But before we can even determine what emotions we want to bring out or suppress, we need to ask ourselves: what is the context of the design, and how do we create this journey and experience?
Context is king. The design of a space is only effective insofar as it serves its intended purpose. If you're designing a library, for instance, you want a space that invites concentration and contemplation. On the other hand, if you're designing a nightclub, you want a space that feels lively and energizing. Context informs everything – from layout and traffic flow to lighting and color palette.
At the end of the day, it's all about creating an experience. When done right, the experience of entering a new space should feel like embarking on a journey. And just as no two journeys are the same, no two spaces should be designed in exactly the same way. Each space should tell its own story, one that resonates with the people who use it.
Colours, textures, patterns, shapes, lighting, scale, and volumes
In order to create the desired emotional impact of a space, designers must pay close attention to each of these elements. Take color, for instance. The color scheme, especially on the interiors, plays a vital role in human behavior. Warm colors like reds, yellows, and oranges promote feelings of energy and intimacy, while cooler colors like blues, greens, and purples have a calming effect.
But color is just one piece of the puzzle. Designers must also consider the textures, patterns, and shapes of a space. Are they hard or soft? Smooth or rough? Angular or curved? These elements not only influence how people feel when they enter a space, but they can even affect their behavior within that space. Sharp angles and corners can create a feeling of unease and discomfort, while curved lines and rounded shapes inspire relaxation and serenity.
Lighting is another key factor in setting the mood of a space. Natural light creates a feeling of openness and freshness, while artificial lighting can create a cozy and inviting atmosphere. But it's not just about the type of lighting – designers must also consider its placement and intensity. A well-placed light can highlight a particular feature, while too much or too little lighting can make a space feel unbalanced.
Exterior and interior design
Finally, we come to the mood of both exterior and interior design. It's important to remember that the same space can be achieved in many different ways to create different feelings. The style, volumes, and textures of a building's exterior can evoke a sense of awe or approachability, for instance. The facade can be used to signal a building's function, or to create an illusion of transparency.
Similarly, the interior design of a space plays a crucial role in setting the mood. Everything from the layout of the furniture to the art on the walls can influence how people feel when they enter a room. Even small details like door handles or light switch covers can add to the overall ambiance of a space.
As designers, we have the power to create spaces that inspire, uplift, and transform. By paying attention to the context of a design, as well as the colors, textures, patterns, shapes, lighting, scale, and volumes that make up a space, we can create emotional experiences that resonate with the people who use them.
In the words of Italian designer Munari, "Designing is not a profession but an attitude. It’s a way of looking at things – of questioning and challenging assumptions, of exploring new possibilities. Design is the embodiment of an idea, the manifestation of a concept. And when done right, it has the power to change minds, challenge perceptions, and transform the world." Let us use our craft to create spaces that truly make a difference.
Heini van Niekerk